"Collectivisation was begun for ideological reasons; Stalin did not want richer peasants employing poorer ones, as this would, as he saw it, lead to the creation of an exploitative, bourgeois farming class. Collectivisation had begun soon after the October Revolution, but was limited to only a handful of farms, and was led by dedicated communist peasants. Collectivisation meant that all the land, buildings, livestock and seed-grain were taken over by the state. the farmers were then paid a wage and the farms given production targets to meet. The model for this policy was the agrarian revolution in Britain, where large landowners consolidated their holdings, displacing their tenant farmers."